22 DAYS – CULTURAL & ECO TOURISM NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN CIRCUIT
Day 1: Arrival at Kilimanjaro airport /from Nairobi overnight in Arusha Hotel (New Arusha Hotel, Lake Duluti Serena Hotel( Formerly Mt. Village Lodge, Mt. Meru Hotel )B/B. Day2: Full day in Arusha sightseeing ,Museum, local Market , Visit Coffee Farm these are small scale farmers who owns small pieces of land and process coffee locally ,Green vegetables at Ilkidinga ,these are full day activities in Arusha . Picnic lunch in one of the site, dinner and overnight at the Hotel as day one. F/B Day3: Depart from Arusha to Lake Manyara National Park. The compact game-viewing circuit through Manyara offers a virtual microcosm of the Tanzanian safari experience. Manyara provides the perfect introduction to Tanzanian’s birdlife. More than 400 species have been recorded, and even a first-time visitor to Africa might reasonably expect to observe 100 of these in one day, including thousands of pink-hued flamingos, Pelicans,and Stokes . The park famous for tree climbing Lions depending on season of the year, Migratory Elephants between Manyara and Tarangire, Cape Buffaloes,Hippos apes such as ,Baboons,Blue monkeys,and vervet monkeys, Giraffee , Impala Size 330 sq km (127 sq miles) of which up to (77 sq miles) is lake when water levels are high. Location In Northern Tanzania. The entrance gate lies 1.5 hours (126km/80miles) west of Arusha along a newly surfaced road, close to the ethnically diverse market town of Mto wa Mbu. To do Game drives, canoeing when the water levels is sufficiently high. Walking along paddy(Rice) farm these are small scale farmers using irrigation scheme, Cultural tours, mountain bike tours, abseiling and forest walks on the escarpment outside the park. Best time Dry season (July-October) for large mammals; wet season (November-June) for bird watching, the waterfalls and canoeing. Accommodation One luxury t Serena Manyara,Kirurumu Tented lodge,Gibbs Farm Olea Africana, camp, public bandas and campsites inside and outside the park. Day4: After breakfast drive to Ngorngoro Conservation Area Authority, Ngorongoro is the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera, and its 304 sq km floor is the ultimate ‘Big Five’ destination, home of elephant, lion, leopard ,Black rhino, buffalo and others, the caldera holds over 25000 different species of animals.. Two main geological rifts through the area.Oldupai Gorge & Laitoli Foot Prints. Nine volcanoes in the Ngorongoro highlands were formed during the past 4 million years. One of these, Oldoinyo Lengai, is still active. Size8,288 sq km (3,200 sq miles) Location 180 km (112 miles) west of Arusha in the Crater Highlands area of Tanzania. Getting there
The road from Arusha to the eastern entance gate of the NCA via Makuyuni, Mto wa Mbu and Karatu is now surfaced in its entirely and it can be covered comfortably in less than three hours, with another 30-60 minutes required to get to any of the lodges. To do Game viewing (and photography) enhanced by the striking backdrop of 600m-high crater wall, Cultural tours. The crater is also excellent Big Five territory. Best time Game viewing in the crater is always good, any time of the year. The wildebeest migration is in the NCA over December– April, calving January – February. For birders, November – March is best for palaearctic migrants. Accommodation Three world-class game lodges perch grandly on the south-western crater rim such as Serena Ngorongoro, Sopa Ngorongoro,Ngorongoro Wildlife lodge(,Ngorongoro Crater lodge-the most expensive lodge on the rim),Ngorngoro Farm House, Valley Farm Hous Olea Africana , Public campsite inside and outside the conservation .
Day6: Early departure for Lake Eyasi with breakfast busket for early hunting , gathering with Hadzabe /Bushmen/ Click speaking !This tribe still Hunts by using Bow and arrow and collecting Honey from Baobab Trees and caves , women collects fruits, and dig up tubers ,after these activities clients will test the hunt /meat as barbeque while being entertained by the dance and songs ,will also practice aiming with bow and arrow on baobab tree . Visit of the Datoga Black smith who makes tools from old copper, silver , iron,and alminium. They use local air compressor made out of animal skin and local air pipes made out of clay soil .Things made out are such as Spear, arrow,Bracelet,if interested clients can buy to support the local society economy. After all of these activities , drive to Karatu town for lunch , afternoon visit school , walking along crater rim , visit Elephant cave , dinner and overnight at either of the hotels Gibbs Farm,Bouganvillea, Tloma , Ngorongoro Farm House , Ollea Africana , or Mobile Camp.
Day7: Deapart for Maasai Boma/Laiboni ,This is a medicine Man who treats different diseases using Trees leaves , backs,Flowers, Roots and grass.Herbs are the good alternative to Industrial drugs Maasai People are Nilotics , they are Patoralist /Nomadics who migrated from Egypt following the Nile River basin with their animals .Maasai believes that all domestic animals belongs to them not other tribes in the world . This tribe practice Norms ,Traditions and culture such as circumcision ,for boys age 10 to 14 without anaestizia neither stitches, After slaughtering a big bull blood mixed with fresh milk and local alcohol will taken by the elders –Men while fresh . Is the only tribe not affected by western culture,though Christianity is getting in slowly. Maasai men are polygamist , the more cattle, ship and goats a man owns the more wife he marries , clients will see life style ,original masai huts,dancing and live slaughtering and test barbequed goat.. Afternoon drive to Tarangire National Park , accommodation at Tarangire Safari lodge, Sopa Tarangire , Roika , Maramboi Tented lodge .or Mobile Camping .
Day 8 & 9 : Tarangire National Park. Will spend 2 days in Tarangire National Park for game drives. Herds of up to 300 elephants scratch the dry river bed for underground streams, while migratory wildebeest, zebra, buffalo, impala, gazelle, hartebeest and eland crowd the shrinking lagoons. It’s the greatest concentration of wildlife outside the Serengeti ecosystem – a smorgasbord for predators-and the one place in Tanzania where dry-country antelope are observed ,decorated by over 250 years old Gigantic Baobab Trees Size 2,600 sq km (1,005 sq miles) Location 118km (75miles)southwest of Arusha Best time Year round but dry season (June – September) for sheer numbers of animals. Accommodation , at Tarangire Safari lodge,Tarangire River Camp, Sopa Tarangire , Roika , Maramboi Tented lodge .or Mobile Camping .
Day 10 ; Depart to Kondoa IraThe Kolo sites BI, II, and III are especially amazing with vivid red colours of paintings and the Pahi site is interesting with its more recent black and white art. Following successes at the battles of Latema Nek and Kahe, Entente forces under the overall command of General Jan Smuts continued their advance southwards into German East Africa. By April 17, 1916, General Van Deventer's 2nd Division had reached the vicinity of the town of Kondoa Irangi – where they made contact with a unit of German Schutztruppe. The 2nd Division succeeded in pushing the enemy back, and captured the town on April 19. Entente casualties were minimal, whilst 20 Askari and 4
Germans were killed and 30 Askaris captured. Also found were 80 modern rifles with ammunition and a large herd of cattle. Despite low casualties, Van Deventer told the high command that the 2nd Division was exhausted and would be unable to continue the advance for some time. During its advance from Moshi, the division had lost more than 2,000 horses, mostly due to the Tsetse fly. Smuts then ordered van Deventer to consolidate his position at Kondoa Irangi, and reinforcements were brought up to aid this process. During this period, the rainy season began. This caused huge supply problems for the Entente force, as railway bridges were washed away by swollen rivers and roads became impassable. The 2nd Division was completely cut off, and was forced to scavenge for supplies around Kondoa. The result was a fall in health and morale.
Proceed driving to Dodoma city for accommodation at the Hotel .
Day11:Afer breakfast drive to the Grapes Farms , There are small scale farms and Big plantation owned by big companies.Visit Oranges Farms .City Tour , Meals and overnight at the Hotel.
Day 12: Proceed driving to Morogoro, enjoying scenery ,accommodation at Morogoro Hotels.
Day 13 & 14: Proceed to Mikumi National Park , The landscape of Mikumi is often compared to that of the Serengeti. The road that crosses the park divides it into two areas with partially distinct environments. The area north-west is characterized by the alluvial plain of the river basin Mkata. The vegetation of this area consists of savannah dotted with acacia, baobab, tamarinds, and some rare palm. In this area, at the furthest from the road, there are spectacular rock formations of the mountains Rubeho and Uluguru. The southeast part of the park is less rich in wildlife, and not very a.ccessible. Adansonia digitata in the park The fauna includes many species characteristic of the African savannah. According to local guides at Mikumi, chances of seeing a lion who climbs a tree trunk is larger than in Manyara (famous for being one of the few places where the lions exhibit this behavior). The park contains a subspecies of giraffe, that biologists consider the link between the Masai giraffe and the reticulated or Somali giraffe. Other animals in the park are elephants, zebras, impala, eland, kudu, black antelope, baboons, wildebeests and buffaloes. At about 5 km from the north of the park, there are two artificial pools inhabited by hippos. More than 400 different species of birds also inhabit the park. Accommodation at the hotels ,mikumi wildlife lodge.
Day 15,16 & 17: Drive to Selous Game reserve, . The Selous Game Reserve is one of the largest faunal reserves of the world, located in the south of Tanzania. It was named after Englishman Sir Frederick Selous, a famous big game hunter and early conservationist, who died at Beho Beho in this territory in 1917 while fighting against the Germans during World War I. Scottish explorer and cartographer Keith Johnston also died at Beho Beho in 1879 while leading a RSGS expedition to the Great Lakes of Africa with Joseph Thomson. The Selous was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982 due to the diversity of its wildlife and undisturbed nature. The reserve covers a total area of 54,600 km 2 (21,100 sq mi) and has additional buffer zones. Within the reserve no permanent human habitation or permanent structures are permitted. All (human) entry and exit is carefully controlled by the Wildlife Division of the Tanzanian Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Some of the typical animals of the savanna (for example elephants, hippopotami, African Wild Dog, cape buffalo and crocodiles) can be found in this park in larger numbers than in any other African game reserve or national park. Accommodations at the hotels/camps,Rufiji River camp,Sand River Camp, Impala HotelSelous Tinga lodge,Selou Luxury Tented Camp or camping.
Day 18: Drive to Daresalaam city, for accommodation ,Kempinski Hotel , Beaches Hotel.
Day 19,20,21: Drive to Bagamoyo : Bagamoyo was the most important trading entrepot of the east-central coast of Africa in the late 19th century. Bagamoyo's history has been influenced by Indian
and Arab traders, by the German colonial government and by Christian missionaries. About 5 km (3 mi) south of Bagamoyo, the Kaole Ruins with remnants of two mosques and a couple of tombs can be dated back to the 13th century, showing the importance of Islam in those early Bagamoyo times. Until the middle of the 18th century, Bagamoyo was a small and insignificant trading center where most of the population were fishermen and farmers. The main trading goods were fish, salt, and gum, among other things. In the late 18th century Muslim families settled in Bagamoyo, all of which were relatives of Shamvi la Magimba in Oman. They made their living by enforcing taxes on the native population and by trading in salt, gathered from the Nunge coast north of Bagamoyo. In the first half of the 19th century, Bagamoyo became a trading port for ivory and the slave trade, with traders coming from the African interior, from places as far as Morogoro, Lake Tanganyika and Usambara on their way to Zanzibar. This explains the meaning of the word Bagamoyo ("Bwaga-Moyo") which means "Lay down your Heart" in Swahili. It is disputed whether this refers to the slave trade which passed through the town (i.e. "give up all hope") or to the porters who rested in Bagamoyo after carrying 35 lb cargos on their shoulders from the Great Lakes region (i.e. "take the load off and rest"). Since there is little evidence to support that Bagamoyo was a major slave port (Kilwa, much further south, has earned this status  ), and that tens of thousands of porters arrived at Bagamoyo annually in the latter half of the 19th century, it is more likely that the name of the town derives from the latter interpretation. [improper synthesis?] The slave trade in East Africa was officially prohibited in the year 1873, but continued surreptitiously well to the end of the 19th century.  In 1868, Bagamoyo local rulers, known as majumbe, presented the Catholic "Fathers of the Holy Ghost" with land for a mission north of the town, the first mission in East Africa. This caused resistance by the native Zaramo people which was mediated by representatives of Sultan Majid and, after 1870, by Sultan Barghash. Originally the mission was intended to house children who were rescued from slavery, but it soon expanded to a church, a school, and some workshops and farming projects. But Bagamoyo was not only a trade centre for ivory and copra; it was also a starting point for renowned European explorers. From Bagamoyo they moved out to find the source of the River Nile and explored the African inner lakes. Some of these were Richard Francis Burton, John Hanning Speke, Henry Morton Stanley and James Augustus Grant. Although often believed so, David Livingstone had never been to Bagamoyo in his lifetime. Only after his death he was laid out in the Old Church's tower (nowadays named Livingston Tower) to wait for the high tide to come in and ship his body to Zanzibar. Bagamoyo was the first capital of Tanzania while serving as the German headquarters of German East Africa (first under the auspices of the German East African Company and then the German Imperial Government) between 1886-1891. Dar es Salaam became the new capital of the colony in 1891. The town was apparently the (1895) birthplace of SS-Oberführer Julian Scherner. During World War I, on August 15, 1916, a British air attack and naval bombardment was launched on Bagamoyo, the Germans were overrun and the German garrison taken. When the German Empire decided to build a railway from Dar es Salaam into the interior in 1905, Bagamoyo's importance began to decline.
Day 22: Drive to Daresalaam Airport for Home Bound flight . END OF THE SERVICE