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Ngorongoro Crater is more correct a Caldera. This is caused by the inward collapse of a volcano with the caldera being many times the size of the original vent through which it once emitted lava and gas.
Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest unflooded and unbroken caldera. It is 19.2km in diameter and 604 meter deep. The whole Ngorongoro Conservation Area, including the crater, is 8292 sq km in size and altitudes within it vary from 1,020 to 3587 meter.
The crater was one of the seven volcanoes the spewed their ash over the surrounding countryside. Now only one of the volcanoes 40 km away, remain active— Oldoinyo Lengai which means the Mountain of God in Maa, the maasai language.
This park located in Northern circuit in Arusha region of Tanzania and has established in 1959. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area spans vast expanses of highland plains, savanna, savanna woodland and forest. The jewel in Ngorongoro’s crown is a deep , volcanic crater, the largest unflooded and unbroken caldera in the world.
At 19km wide and with a surface of 264sq km, Ngorongoro is a one of the largest unbroken caldera in the world that is not a lake. It is steep walls soar 400m to 610m and provide the setting for an incredible natural drama, as prey and predators graze and stalk their way around the open grassland, swamps and acacias woodland on the crater floor.
It is such an impressive sight that, other vehicles aside, you will wonder whether you have descended into the wildlife paradise.
From the viewing point hundreds of meters above Ngorongoro Crater, the panorama spreads out in a vast amphitheatre. The hills rise smoothly from the crater floor through evergreen forest, and rain clouds cascade over the eastern rim.
Viewed from above, it seems as if you have polished Aladdin’s magic lamp ans wished. But this is not the world of make-believe and as the visitors drives down the decent road, the black dots below become decernable shapes, with the crater becoming ever more beautiful and irresistible.
Wildebeest and zebras are mix on a crater floor along with some 50 lions,400 sported hyenas, Grants and Thomson gazelles, various types of Jackal, Greater and Lesser Flamingo, Herds of Buffalo, Rhinos and many other species. In all Ngorongoro has some 25000 animals , making this the most intensive game viewing area on earth.